The capital of Turkmenistan, the city of Ashgabat, was founded in 1881. The city is 25 km away. north of the border with Iran, in the foothills of the Kopetdag. According to official statistics for 2013, about 1 million people live in it.
The name of the city of Ashgabat comes from the Persian word “esg”, which means love and “abad”, which translates as inhabited, comfortable. And this is true! Today, Ashgabat is not just the capital of Turkmenistan, but also the country's largest industrial, scientific and cultural center.
The city has a large number of government agencies and representative offices, as well as interesting monuments and attractions. So, the city several times entered the Guinness Book of Records. Firstly, as a city with the largest number of buildings decorated with snow-white marble. Indeed, there are 543 such buildings in Ashgabat, and the total area of the marble coating of the city reaches 4.5 million square meters! Secondly, the city has the world's highest flagpole (133 meters). Thirdly, here is the largest ferris wheel. Fourth, the largest fountain complex “Oguzkhan and Sons” was built here, where the total area of the fountains is 15 hectares! And finally, the largest architectural image of the star (“Oguzkhan Star” on the Turkmen TV tower) was also included in the Guinness Book.
A very interesting place to visit in Ashgabat is the monument to the book “Ruhnama”, which was written by Turkmenbashi himself, the first president of Turkmenistan. The book is considered sacred for Turkmens and it describes the biography of the first president, the history of the country, as well as the basic commandments and moral principles by which residents of Turkmenistan should live. At a strictly defined time, the book opens and, with the help of multimedia technologies, visitors to the monument can clearly see the important historical moments of the formation and development of Turkmenistan.
In the halls of the new National Museum, built after independence, the most valuable archaeological finds are presented, testifying to the ancient history of Turkmenistan. The museum contains dozens of man-made monuments of traditional handicraft and folk art of the 17th-19th centuries. Weaving, embroidery, ceramics, carpet weaving, jewelery products - this is not a complete list of objects in the museum's collection. In total there are more than 2500 exhibits in the exposition. The Metropolitan Carpet Museum is considered the only one of its kind in the world. Here are several hundred of the best examples of carpets of all time, the oldest of which dates back to the 17th century. Here is also the largest carpet in the world, whose area is almost 400 square meters, and its weight is more than a ton. No less interesting is the exposition of the National Museum of History and Ethnography with a magnificent collection of ancient artifacts collected from all over Turkmenistan, including those found in the excavations of Old Nisa. The main attractions of the city include the Neutrality Monument (1998, 95 meters high - the tallest building in Turkmenistan) with a golden statue of Turkmenbashi at the top, the Presidential Palace, the Mejlis building, the Academy of Sciences complex, the Academic Drama Theater named after Mollanepes, Bayram-Khan monument, Lenin Square, Mekan Palace, Conservatory, Alexander Nevsky Orthodox Church (XIX century), Ertogrulgazy mosque with four minarets and a huge dome. The main tourist attraction center is the huge Sunday market “Tolkuchka”, which is famous for its variety of goods and vibrant Turkmen traditions. Stretching for several kilometers along the deserted suburbs of the city, the bazaar attracts attention, first of all, with the opportunity to buy traditional Turkmen carpets that are brought here for sale from all over the country.
And, of course, one cannot fail to mention one of the main attractions of the city - the Independence Monument. This monument is a column 118 meters high, on top of which is a crescent with five stars. This column is set on a semicircular sphere symbolizing a yurt. Five stars is a symbol of unity of the five largest Turkmen tribes living in Turkmenistan since ancient times. Not far from the column stands a gilded monument to Saparmurat Niyazov. The image of this monument is printed on all banknotes of Turkmenistan.
Near Ashgabat are the ruins of the capital of the ancient Parthian state - Nisa, attracting both tourists and archaeologists and historians from around the world.
The sights of Ashgabat include the "Health Path", which is located in its vicinity. This is a concreted pedestrian road, 36 kilometers long and 5 meters wide, which runs along the slopes of the Kopetdag ridge. According to the covenant of the first president, every resident of Ashgabat must daily walk along this path to maintain his health and tone. Lampposts and sources of drinking water were installed along the entire path. This place is very popular among tourists, and local residents.
The family enterprise “Asia Voyages”, was established in October, 2015 to provide high quality tourism services in the region (Uzbektourism licence №0357-01, Certification №002419).